To help you help your grandkids learn to read better here is a list of methods commonly used by teachers to help develop language and literacy skills.
You don’t have to use everyone all the time, but if you print this article out, and refer back to it you’ll soon have an impressive toolkit which you can use when you are share-reading with your grandchild.
Words on a page can look like funny shapes to many young learners.
It takes time for these ‘shapes’ to look familiar, and then to form into words.
For many toddlers the most important first step towards becoming a great reader, is to have a wide and extensive vocabulary.
There are hundreds of thousands of words and phrases, and most children learn 70% of them before they get to school.
That’s an amazing fact when you think about it – they know and are familiar with these words before they can actually read them.
Understanding what they read
Learning to read is not the same as understanding what you read.
Being able to identify a word doesn’t mean your grandchild will be able to pronounce the word correctly or use it in the right context.
It may take many years for your grandchild learns to read properly.
With the development of phones and computers many people are concerned that children are not being exposed enough to printed words.
Here is a list of the best approaches to help your child read:
Word attack skills – This may involve sounding out letters, chunking spelling patterns, using pictures and guessing within the context of the story to discover unfamiliar words.
Prediction – Having a guess based on other information on the page. What does the child think the word might be?
Visualize– What does that word look like? Do the letters arranged in this way remind the child of another word?
Ask questions – What is really happening in the story? Does the child understand what the story is about based on what they have read so far?
Answer questions – Sit down after reading the book and ask some questions that will explain whether child has fully understood the story. These are commonly referred to as ‘Comprehension questions.’
Retell and summarize – Retelling the story shows whether the child understood what the story was really about. This is an important process they will need to develop later in life.
Make connections between stories and real life – Even in fantasy stories we can empathize with the characters’ plights; see where how our lives are similar or different. It is important to help children to connect stories with their own lives and surroundings.