How can Retelling and Summarizing the Story Help Grandchildren Read?
There are so many ways grandparents can help their grandkids improve their reading skills.
One way is to ask your grandchild to retell or summarize what they have just read.
What Does Retelling Mean?
Simply put, retelling means to retell a story in your own words.
It sounds easy to do, but actually requires quite complex language skills.
Retelling challenges young readers to aim for complete retention. This means that they must try to remember many of the details, such as, characters’ names, places, events and what happened (the plot summary).
After reading, ask your grandchild to retell or summarize the text, and help them focus on the important points, and relevant details.
What Does Summarization Mean?
Summarization is the process of summing up a book or chapter in one or two sentences. It allows children to discriminate between main ideas and minor details.
This is a valuable skill that many adults lack.
Just ask someone to retell an episode of a television program you are familiar with. Did they encapsulate the show in a few sentences or did they get side tracked?
As you are reading with your grandchildren stop and ask them if what they just read was important to the whole story.
You could also put a sticky note in the book or write down the idea.
At the ends of chapters or sections, review the information or story. Note main ideas or events and the details that support them.
You could also draw up a diagram of the plot on a large sheet of paper.
If you are not sure how to do this, choose a story you know well like Little Red Riding Hood, and plot out what happens together.
Like many reading skills, retelling and summarization are transferable skills which will further enhance your grandchild’s reading abilities.
It will also help them remain more focused on what they are reading which means they will retain more information.